Doctrine DBAL and ORM


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These skills are maintained by the Doctrine project to provide a common language for training and skill management purposes.

The Doctrine DataBase Abstraction Layer (DBAL) offers an object-oriented API and a lot of additional, horizontal features like database schema introspection and manipulation.

Doctrine ORM is an object-relational mapper (ORM) for PHP 7.1+ that provides transparent persistence for PHP objects. It uses the Data Mapper pattern at the heart, aiming for a complete separation of your domain/business logic from the persistence in a relational database management system.



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